|Area||78,866 sq km / 30,450 sq miles|
|Capital City||Prague (pop 1.2 million )|
|Time Zone||GMT/UTC +1|
|Daylight Saving Start||last Sunday in March (the same as EU)|
|Daylight Saving End||last Sunday in October (the same as EU)|
|Religion||50% Roman Catholic, 10% Protestant|
|Currency||Czech Koruna (Kč)|
|Electricity||220V / 50Hz|
|Electric Plug Details||Two-pin socket|
|Country Dialing Code||+420|
The Czech Republic is still all things to all people. From the pulsing capital Prague to the back-in-time villages of Moravia, from toiling up mountains to lounging in spas, from the world-famous Pilsner to the strains of Smetana and Dvořák, there's an experience to suit every taste.
Stunning architecture is not limited to Prague - there are plenty of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque facades in other towns. Among the richest are Kutná Hora in Central Bohemia; Cheb, Loket and Domažlice in western Bohemia; Olomouc in northern Moravia; and Telč and Kromeříž in southern Moravia.
The climatic bridge between Atlantic and Eastern Europe is a cold one. May to September is a good period to infiltrate the heart of Central Europe with average daily highs in the mid 20°Cs (mid 70°Fs) and fresh nights between about 9°C (47°F) and 14°C (57°F). Rainfall is fairly regular throughout the year, with just a tad more in spring and autumn and the occasional summer thunderstorm. Czech winters are a great time to park yourself by a fireplace and enjoy the country's fine brews as things get pretty bleak outside.
Practically every day is a saint's day in the Czech Republic, and 'special days', festivals and public holidays are widely acknowledged. High culture follows for the remainder of the year with the Prazske jaro (Prague Spring) International Music Festival in May and June, the Prague International Book Fair also in May and the Mozart Festival in September. The Christmas and New Year season closes the year quietly for most of the Czech Republic, but Prague is overcome with tourist revelry during a fast and furious holiday season.
Scheduled international flights arrive maunly at the capital, Prague, which is connected worldwide by at least two dozen international carriers, including CSA (Ceske aerolinie), the old state-run airline. Ryanair provides also the flights from London (Stansted) to Brno in South Moravia. Buying tickets in the republic won't save you much money, so if you're only going to the one destination, take advantage of the lower cost of a return (round-trip) ticket bought at home.
Consider arriving by train, as it's the easiest (if not the cheapest) way to get from Western Europe to the Czech Republic. There are some 18 rail crossings into the Republic.
By road, visitors can enter the Republic at over 30 points, and the list is growing all the time. To avoid fines, a window decal can be obtained from petrol stations to allow legal driving on the highways for a ten day/1 month/year period.
UNESCO World Heritage list.
UNESCO approved the convention on the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage in the year 1972. The idea behind the convention was to select cultural monuments and natural areas of world significance in order to preserve them for future generations. The former Czechoslovakia joined the convention in the year 1990 and the Czech Republic took on all the responsibilities flowing from the convention in the year of its formation in 1993.
At present, there are 12 sites in the Czech Republic on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Prague - historical centre
Brno - Villa Tugendhat
Cesky Krumlov - historical centre
Holasovice - village reservation
Kromeriz - archbishop´s chateau and gardens
Kutna Hora - Historical centre
Lednice-Valtice area - nature
Litomysl - chateau
Olomouc - baroque sculture
Telc - historical centre
Trebic - Jewish quarter and Basilica of St. Prokop
Zdar nad Sazavou, Zelena hora - pilgrim church of St. John Nepomuk